Moving Off Stopping
Lesson Plan: Beginner Level: Level One Course 1:1
Overview-Moving off Stopping
In this lesson you shall learn the basic controls of the car during a set exercise of moving off stopping. The use of the MSPSL routine will be introduced and you shall learn where to and where not to stop on the left. You will learn the basics of this manoeuvre and the theory needed to execute this exercise safely.
EDUCATION (DVSA) STANDARDS
- To be able to control the car’s controls to move away and stop safely
- To be able to make decisions on when to move away and where to stop.
- To communicate effectively to other road users
- To interpret the actions of other road users, and to take appropriate actions.
- To position the car correctly, both moving away, general driving and parking on the left-hand side.
OBJECTIVES-Moving Off Stopping
- To be able to move a car away from the side of the road, using the MSPSL routine.
- To be able to park up on the left in a safe, legal and convenient place.
- To be able to coordinate hand and foot controls to maintain control of the car.
- Understand (and apply) the importance of the MSPSL routine and accuracy of road position.
- To be able to demonstrate planning and taking appropriate actions
Lesson Brief-Moving Off Stopping
Moving off and stopping is the first lesson on the “Driver Training Programme”. Allowing enough practice is paramount for a smooth start when learning to drive. Everyone learns at different speeds, however the main objective for everyone is the same. (As per the lesson objectives and education standards).
When learning to move off and stop, we use a routine called POM. POM stands for: Preparation, Observation, Manoeuvre. To start with follow this routine in order and ensure the routine is followed at all times.
Moving Away from the side of the road
PREPARATION: Prepare the car to move away on a flat road surface
- Put the clutch down to the floor and select first gear
- Lift the clutch to the biting point (this is the point when the engine is in control of the car, you can notice a change in the engine’s noise,It is advised to practice finding the point several times prior to moving away).
- Set the gas to about 1000 revs.
*The car is now ready to move away from the side of the road*
NB: It is vital to keep your feet still at this stage, otherwise the car could stall, until you get to the manoeuvre stage of POM.
OBSERVATION: It is important to observe well. A 360 degree check is important. Whilst using the POM routine, you should use the MSPSL routine also!
- Mirrors-Check the mirrors prior to pulling off. The rear-view and the right wing mirror are the minimum requirements, but a 360 degree check is advised! If the road is clear, you should move to the next step.
- Signal-Decide whether to signal or not. NB If there is someone to see your indicators then you SHOULD apply a signal to the right. You should consider a signal if there are side roads, hills, bends etc.
- Position- It is important to position the car correctly. During normal driving you should aim to position the car one metre from the curb. On narrow roads, aim to position the car a drains width away from the curb.
- Speed: As you pull away from the side of the road, you should increase your speed (gently) to make smooth progress, and re-check your mirrors for any following traffic.
- Look: You should look far ahead for any road obstacles or hazards such as pedestrians.
MANOEUVRE: It is now time to move the car away! Once you have decided it is clear, and decided whether to signal or not, you should follow the following steps.
- Take the parking brake to the off position
- SLOWLY raise the clutch approximately 1 inch higher than the biting point, keep your feet still as this will start moving the car.
- Whilst the car is slowly starting to move, you should steer to the right enough to move the car into position (one metre from the curb)
- You should complete the MSPSL routine, of building your speed up and observing the road behind and ahead for any hazards.
- Cancel the indicator if it is still flashing!
*Practice Session Tips* For Moving Off and stopping
It is important to have lots of practice. Follow the following advice for best practice for moving off stopping.
- Select a safe and quiet place to start this manoeuvre. A flat road is also advised when starting out.
- Before moving away, you should practice finding your biting point. This will help you establish the ‘feeling’ of the biting point, which will help speed up the process of clutch control.
- Select the gear using the “Palming technique” This will help you establish good early on habits.
- Learn to balance your biting point and gas pedal whilst observing the road. This will help with your coordination of the foot controls.
- Practice releasing the parking brake. Ensure the parking brake is firmly off when moving off! Check the dash for lights.
- Familiarise yourself with the POM and MSPSL routine. The routine works and should always be followed!
- When moving away, steer approximately 1 inch to the left. Only a little bit of steer is needed.
- Don’t over-rev the car. It is important to apply little pressure and increase gently.
- Keep practicing this exercise, until you are confidently performing the exercise independently.
Stopping on the Left
It is important to be able to safely park on the left-hand side of the road. Before you stop on the left it is important to select a safe place first. Here is a guide to choosing a safe place on the left.
- Legal place. It is important to not park in an illegal place. For instance: double yellow lines, zig zags on crossings and school entrances, where it displays a NO STOPPING sign
- Safe place. It is important to only stop on the left in a safe place. An unsafe place would be: within 10 metres of a side road on the left, on a brow of a hill, opposite a side road on the right, on a bend in the road. It is important that your vehicle never blocks or obstructs other road-users on the road.
- Convenient place. It is important to only park on the left in a convenient place. Blocking someone’s driveway is inconvenient; avoid at all times.
Once you have found a place to park on the left you should ensure the following routine is applied at all times during moving off and stopping:
- Select a safe,legal and convenient place on the left
- Use the MSPSL routine to bring the car to a stop.
- Ensure good judgement of your road position. You should aim to place your car no more than a foot away from the curb (12 inches).
- You should apply gentle pressure to the brake pedal, and allow the car to slow down in a steady manner
- You MUST put the clutch down all the way to the floor, prior to the car coming to a complete stop. Otherwise you shall stall. The clutch is needed as you no longer need the engine’s assistance. Therefore, by putting the clutch down to the floor you are disengaging the engine’s assistance of the vehicle.
- Once you have come to a stop, you should always secure the car, and apply the parking brake. Cancelling the signal if one was applied is also important.
*Practice Session Tips*
- Prior to moving away, it is a good idea to simulate the breaking and the clutch sequence when coming to a stop. This will help you when you are on the move and doing it for real!
- Be very familiar with the MSPSL routine.
- Be very clear on where is a safe, legal and safe place to park on the left.
- When first practicing this manoeuvre, you will probably be in first gear. It is important to NOT delay putting the clutch down. The slower the car is travelling, the sooner the clutch will need to go down. The faster the car is travelling, the breaking time is increased, therefore, the use of the clutch is delayed.
- When applying a signal, ensure good timing and usage. Make sure you don’t signal prior to a side road, as this could confuse other road users.
- Practice in a quiet area, and build up to busier roads.
- Ensure you build up practice sessions with the use of speed. Braking at 5mph, is very different to 10-12 mph!
- Get lots of practice. Review each session and look at “How to improve each session”.
When moving off and stopping, It is very important to absorb as much information as possible. During and after your practice session, it is important evaluate your driving. Here is a check list of questions you can consider!
- What are your strengths and weaknesses?
- What elements did you struggle with?
- How could you improve your performance?
- What areas need more practice?
- Why do you think you could do better?
- How did this exercise make you feel?
- What would you like to do next?
*Practice Session Tips Extra*
For best practice, it is always advised to utilise as many resources as possible. Although learning to drive is primarily a ‘physical’ skill, theory plays a large part. The better your understanding of a topic, the easier you’ll find your practice sessions will go. Here is a list of extra training material.
- Have a lesson diary. This is good for making notes at the end of every lesson, and a great learning tool to look back on.
- Look on YouTube for inspiring training videos
- For other articles of interest be sure to checkout www.learnerpod.co.uk where you can find a large array of articles.
- Be sure to chat with family and friends
- Observe people’s driving and see how they do things. Although this may not necessarily be the correct way. Being able to analyse one’s driving will help you to be able to analize your own driving.
- Be sure to follow these lesson plans and check back on them for reference.
- Be sure to complete your 1.1 Q&As survey to test your knowledge!